The ability of specialization and division of labor to increase output implies that:

lower transportation costs reduces output.
increasing tariffs and quotas increases output.
better technology increases output.
higher population densities increase output.

Hernando De Soto argues that an important cause of poverty is:

in the importance of geography in development.
that some people have cultures that discourage entrepreneurial effort.
the inability of people in the extra-legal sector to deal with the larger market.
the lack of natural resources that some nations face.

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